Body Composition in Football Players

by Tyler Bosch
NSCA Coach March 2019
Vol 4, Issue 5

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Body composition is an important physical characteristic to consider for football players and their performance. Tyler Bosch goes over the various methods of measuring body composition, what the numbers really mean, and how they can be used to develop a player's training.

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References

1. Ackland, TR, Lohman, TG, Sundgot-Borgen, J, Maughan, RJ, Meyer, NL, Stewart, A, and Muller, W. Current status of body composition assessment in sport: Review and position statement on behalf of the ad hoc research working group on body composition health and performance, under the auspices of the IOC Medical Commission, 2012.

2. Baron, S, and Rinsky, R. Health hazard evaluation report: HETA88-085, NFL mortality study. Centers for Disease Control National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; 1994. Retrieved 2018 from https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nioshtic-2/20022075.html.

3. Binkley, TL, Daughters, SW, Weidauer, LA, and Vukovich, MD. Changes in body composition in division I football players over a competitive season and recovery in off-season. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29(9): 2503-2512, 2015.

4. Borchers, JR, Clem, KL, Habash, DL, Nagaraja, HN, Stokley, LM, and Best, TM. Metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in division 1 collegiate football players. Medicine and Science for Sport and Exercise 41: 2105-2110, 2009.

5. Bosch, TA, Burruss, TP, Weir, NL, Fielding, KA, Engel, BE, Weston, TD, and Dengel, DR. Abdominal body composition differences in NFL football players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 28: 3313-3319, 2014.

6. Bosch, TA, Carbuhn, A, Stanforth, PR, Oliver, JM, Keller, KA, and Dengel, DR. Body composition and bone mineral density of division 1 collegiate football players, a consortium of college athlete research (C-CAR) study. Published ahead of print. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2017.

7. Bosch, TA, Raymond-pope, C, and Dengel, DR. Changes in total and regional body composition during the season in Division 1 football players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 50(5S): 146, 2018.

 8. Buell, JL, Calland, D, Hanks, F, Johnston, B, Pester, B, Sweeney, R, and Thorne, R. Presence of metabolic syndrome in football linemen. Journal of Athletic Training 43: 608-616, 2008.

9. Chang, AY, FitzGerald, SJ, Cannaday, J, Zhang, S, Patel, A, Palmer, MD, et al. Cardiovascular risk factors and coronary atherosclerosis in retired National Football League players. American Journal of Cardiology 104: 805-811, 2009.

10. Delisle-Houde, P, Reid, RE, Insogna, JA, Prokop, NW, Buchan, TA, Fontaine, SL, and Andersen, RE. Comparing DXA and airdisplacement-plethysmography to assess body composition of male collegiate hockey players. Published ahead of print. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2017.

11. Dengel, DR, Bosch, TA, Burruss, TP, Fielding, KA, Engel, BE, Weir, NL, and Weston, TD. Body composition and bone mineral density of National Football League players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 28: 1-6, 2013.

12. Dengel, DR, Raymond, CJ, and Bosch, TA. Assessment of muscle mass. In: Lukaski, H (Ed.), Body Composition: Health and Performance in Exercise and Sport. Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis Group; 2017.

13. Flatt, A, Esco, A, Allen, MR, Robinson, JR, Earley, JB, Fedewa, RL, et al. Heart rate variability and training load among NCAA division-1 college football players throughout spring camp. Published ahead of print. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2017.

14. Gleim, G. The profiling of professional football players. Clinical Sports Medicine 3: 185-197, 1984.

15. Harp, JB, and Hecht, L. Obesity in the National Football League. Journal of the American Medical Association 293: 1061-1062, 2005.

16. Kelly, TL, Berger, N, and Richardson, TL. DXA body composition: Theory and practice. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 49(5-6): 511-513, 1998.

17. Kraemer, WJ, Torine, JC, Silvestre, R, French, DN, Ratamess, NA, Spiering, BA, et al. Body size and composition of National Football League players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 19: 485-489, 2005.

18. Lukaski, HC. Body Composition: Health and Performance in Exercise and Sport. CRC Press, 2017.

19. Oliver, JM, Lambert, BS, Martin, SE, Green, JS, and Crouse, SF. Predicting football players’ dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry body composition using standard anthropometric measures. Journal of the Athletic Training Association 47(3): 257-263, 2012.

20. Raymond, CJ, Dengel, DR, and Bosch, TA. Total and segmental body composition examination in collegiate football players using mutifrequency BIA and DXA. Published ahead of print. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2017.

21. Sheldon, WH, Stevens, SS, and Tucker, WB. The Varieties of Human Physique. Harper & Brother Publishers; 1940.

22. Steffes, G, Megura, A, Adams, J, Clayton, RP, Ward, RM, Horm, TS, and Potteiger, JA. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome risk factors in high school and NCAA Division I football players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 27: 1749-1757, 2013.

23. Trexler, ET, Smith-Ryan, AE, Mann, JB, Ivey, PA, Hirsch, KR, and Mock, MG. Longitudinal body composition changes in NCAA Division I college football players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 31(1): 1-8, 2017.

24. Wilmore, JH, and Haskell, WL. Body composition and endurance capacity of professional football players. Journal of Applied Physiology 33(5): 564-567, 1972.

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Tyler Bosch

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Tyler Bosch earned his Master’s and Doctoral degrees from the School of Kinesiology at the University of Minnesota. Following his Doctorate, he comple...

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