Coaches’ Guide to Sports Burnout

by Samantha Dardaman, MS, CSCS, RSCC
NSCA Coach February 2024
Vol 10, Issue 4

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The purpose of this article is to provide clarity and give an overview of sports burnout as it pertains to both athletes and coaches.

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This article originally appeared in NSCA Coach, a quarterly publication for NSCA Members that provides valuable takeaways for every level of strength and conditioning coach. You can find scientifically based articles specific to a wide variety of your athletes’ needs with Nutrition, Programming, and Youth columns. Read more articles from NSCA Coach »

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  1. Choi, H, Jeong, Y, and Kim, S. The relationship between coaching behavior and athlete burnout: Mediating effects of communication and the coach-athlete relationship. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(22): 1-17, 2020.
  2. Fan, F, Chen, J, Chen. Y, Li, B, Guo, L, Shi, Y, et al. How relationship-maintenance strategies influence athlete burnout: Mediating roles of coach–athlete relationship and basic psychological needs satisfaction. Frontiers in Psychology 13, 1-12, 2023.
  3. Giusti, NE, Carder, SL, Wolf, M, Vopat, L, Baker, J, Tarakemeh, A, et al. A measure of burnout in current NCAA student-athletes. Kansas Journal of Medicine 15: 325-330, 2022.
  4. Granz, HL, Schnell, A, Mayer, J, and Thiel, A. Risk profiles for athlete burnout in adolescent elite athletes: A classification analysis. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 41: 130-141, 2019.
  5. Gustafsson, H, DeFreese, J, and Madigan, DJ. Athlete burnout: Review and recommendations. Current Opinion in Psychology 16: 109-113, 2017.
  6. Li, C, Zhu, Y, Zhang, M, Gustafsson, H, and Chen, T. Mindfulness and athlete burnout: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(3): 1-13, 2019.
  7. Madigan, DJ, Gustafsson, H, Hills, AP, Mellano, KT, Pacewicz, CE, Raedeke, TD, and Smith, AL. Perspectives of the future of burnout in sport. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology 16: 75-88, 2021.
  8. Markati, A, Psychountaki, M, Kingston, K, Karteroliotis, K, and Apostolidis, N. Psychological and situational determinants of burnout in adolescent athletes. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 17(5): 521-536, 2018.
  9. Olusoga, P, Bentzen, M, and Kentta, G. Coach burnout: A scoping review. International Sport Coaching Journal 6(1): 42-62, 2019.
  10. Price, MS, and Weiss, MR. Relationships among coach burnout, coach behaviors, and athletes’ psychological responses. The Sport Psychologist 14: 291-409, 2000.
  11. Raedeke, TD. Coach commitment and burnout: A one-year follow-up. Journal of Applied Sports Psychology 16(4): 333-349, 2004.
  12. Schellenberg, BJI, Verner-Fillion, J, and Gaudreau, P. Savoring sport: Connections with athlete passion and burnout. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology 16: 23-41, 2022.
  13. Scotto di Luzio, S, Martinent, G, Guillet-Descas, E, and Daigle, MP. Exploring the role of sport sense of community in perceived athlete burnout, sport motivation, and engagement. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 32(5): 513-528, 2019.
  14. Snarr, RL, and Beasley, VL. Personal, work-, and client-related burnout within strength and conditioning coaches and personal trainers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 36(2): 31-40, 2022.
  15. Thelwell, RC, Wagstaff, CRD, Rayner, A, Chapman, M, and Barker, J. Exploring athletes’ perceptions of coach stress in elite sport environments. Journal of Sport Sciences 35(1): 44-55, 2017.
  16. Weinburg, RS, and Gould, D. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 519-539, 2019.
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Samantha Dardaman, CSCS, RSCC

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Samantha Dardaman is a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) and Registered Strength and Conditioning Coach (RSCC) through the Nationa ...

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