Fueling with a Purpose—Prevention and Treatment of Relative Eating Disorder in Male and Female Athletes

by Kelsee Gomes, MS, RD, CSSD, LDN, CLT
NSCA Coach July 2014
Vol 3, Issue 3

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As the prevalence of disordered eating in sport continues to increase, sports dietitians and all medical personnel must learn to identify it properly and follow evidence-based practice, including sound judgment, when treating athletes with these issues.

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This article originally appeared in NSCA Coach, a quarterly publication for NSCA Members that provides valuable takeaways for every level of strength and conditioning coach. You can find scientifically based articles specific to a wide variety of your athletes’ needs with Nutrition, Programming, and Youth columns. Read more articles from NSCA Coach »

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References 

1. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). Position stand: The female athlete triad. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 29: i-ix, 1997.
2. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). Position stand: The female athlete triad. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 39: 1867-1882, 2007.
3. Da Costa, NF, Schtscherbyna, A, Soares, EA, and Ribeiro, BG. Disordered eating among adolescent female swimmers: Dietary, biochemical, and body composition factors. Nutrition 29(1): 172- 177, 2013.
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5. Deutz, R, Benardot, D, Martin, D, and Cody, M. Relationship between energy deficits and body composition in elite female gymnasts and runners. Medicine and Science in Sports and Science 32(3): 660-668, 2000.
6. Lambrinoudaki, I, and Papadimitriou, D. Pathophysiology of bone loss in the female athlete. Annals of the New York Academy of Science 1205: 45-50, 2010.
7. Loucks, AB. Energy availability, not body fatness, regulates reproductive function in women. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews 31: 144-148, 2003.
8. Manore, MM, Kam, LC, and Loucks, AB. The female athlete triad: Components, nutrition issues, and health consequences. Journal of Sports Sciences 25(S1): S61-S71, 2007.
9. Mountjoy, M, Sundgot-Borgen, J, Burke, L, Carter, S, Constantini, N, Lebrun, C, et al. The IOC consensus statement: Beyond the female athlete triad—Relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S). British Journal of Sports Medicine 48: 491-497, 2014.
10. Thompson, R, and Sherman, R. Eating Disorders in Sport. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis Group, LLC; 2010.
11. Vanheese, JL, Rodgers, CD, Mahoney, CE, and De Souza, MJ. Ovarian suppression impairs sport performance in junior elite female swimmers. Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise 46(1): 156-166, 2014.

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Kelsee Gomes joined the University of North Carolina (UNC) Sports Medicine staff in February 2015 as the Director of Sports Nutrition. She works close...

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