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Notice: The NSCA website is scheduled to undergo system maintenance from 2:00 AM - 2:30 AM EST. During this time, there may be short service interruptions across the site and some parts of  the site may not be accessible. We apologize for any inconvenience while we work to improve the website experience and security.

Philosophy in Strength and Conditioning—Clarifying Coaching and Training Philosophy

by Scott P. Caulfield, MA, CSCS,*D, RSCC*D and Brian T. Gearity, PhD, ATC, CSCS,*D, FNSCA
NSCA Coach May 2017
Vol 5, Issue 1

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Once strength and conditioning coaches have a better understanding of some of the differences between coaching and training philosophy, they can build their coaching philosophy and ensure it is a combination of both the “why” and “how.”

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This article originally appeared in NSCA Coach, a quarterly publication for NSCA Members that provides valuable takeaways for every level of strength and conditioning coach. You can find scientifically based articles specific to a wide variety of your athletes’ needs with Nutrition, Programming, and Youth columns. Read more articles from NSCA Coach »

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References 

1. Allen, GR. Developing a youth coaching philosophy. Soccer Journal 54(5): 28-30, 2009.

2. Cushion, C, and Partington, M. A critical analysis of the conceptualization of “coaching philosophy.” Sport, Education, & Society 21(6): 1-17, 2014.

3. Gearity, B. The discipline of philosophy in strength and conditioning. Strength and Conditioning Journal 32(6): 110-117, 2010.

4. Gilbert, W, Lictenwaldt, L, Gilbert, J, Zelezny, L, and Cote, J. Developmental profiles of successful high school coaches. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching 4(3): 415-431, 2009.

5. Jones, RL, Harris, R, and Miles, A. Mentoring in sports coaching: A review of the literature. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy 14(3): 276-284, 2009.

6. Kraemer, WJ. A series of studies - The physiological basis for strength training in American football: Fact over philosophy. Strength and Conditioning Journal 11: 131-142, 1997.

7. Martens, R. Successful Coaching. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1996.

8. McCallister, SG, Blinde, EM, and Weiss, WM. Teaching values and implementing philosophies: Dilemmas of the youth sport coach. Physical Educator 51(1): 35-44, 2000.

9. McGladrey, BW, Murray, MA, and Hannon, JC. Developing and practicing an athlete-centered coaching philosophy. Journal of Youth Sports 5(2): 4-8, 2000.

10. Massey, CD, and Maneval, M. A call to improve educational programs in strength and conditioning. Strength and Conditioning Journal 36(1): 23-27, 2010.

11. Roberts, G. Hey coach do you have a coaching philosophy. Rugby League Coach Manual 10-12, 2010.

12. Triplett, TN, Williams, C, McHenry, P, and Doscher, M. NSCA Strength and conditioning Professional Standards and Guidelines. Strength and Conditioning Journal 39(6): 1-24, 2017.

13. Smelley, R. The value of a coaching philosophy. Track Coach 8: 6505-6513, 2013.

14. Van Mullem, P, and Brunner, D. Developing a successful coaching philosophy: A step by step approach. Strategies 26(3): 29-34, 2003.

Photo of Scott P. Caulfield, MA,CSCSD,RSCCD
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Scott P. Caulfield, MA,CSCSD,RSCCD

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Scott Caulfield directs the oversight, development and management of individual and group strength and conditioning programs for all student-athletes ...

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Brian T. Gearity, PhD, ATC, CSCS,*D, FNSCA

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Dr. Brian Gearity CSCS, FNSCA, ATC is Director and Professor of the Master of Arts in Sport Coaching program and the Graduate Certificate in Strength ...

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