Notice: The NSCA website is scheduled to undergo system maintenance from 2:00 AM - 2:30 AM EST. During this time, there may be short service interruptions across the site and some parts of  the site may not be accessible. We apologize for any inconvenience while we work to improve the website experience and security.

0

Notice: The NSCA website is scheduled to undergo system maintenance from 2:00 AM - 2:30 AM EST. During this time, there may be short service interruptions across the site and some parts of  the site may not be accessible. We apologize for any inconvenience while we work to improve the website experience and security.

Prevention of Hamstring Injuries in Sprinters

by Amber Murphy, Ralph Mann, and Bridget Ann Frugoli Melton, EdD, CSCS, TSAC-F
NSCA Coach December 2019
Vol 6, Issue 3

Share:
Available to:
Members only
Audience:
Coaches

The purpose of this article is to describe the cause of hamstring injuries in sprinters and present a biomechanical intervention, or drill, that can be used to prevent hamstring injuries while transitioning sprint athletes toward the utilization of frontside mechanics.

Read the full article


Become a Member Login

This article originally appeared in NSCA Coach, a quarterly publication for NSCA Members that provides valuable takeaways for every level of strength and conditioning coach. You can find scientifically based articles specific to a wide variety of your athletes’ needs with Nutrition, Programming, and Youth columns. Read more articles from NSCA Coach »

Related Reading

Share:

References

1. Ae, M. Sprint running: Running at maximum speed. Handbook of Human Motion. 1583-1611, 2018.

2. Behrens, MJ, and Simonson, SRA. Comparison of the various methods used to enhance sprint speed. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 33(2): 64-71. 2011.

3. Bennell, KL, and Crossley, K. Musculoskeletal injuries in track and field: Incidence, distribution and risk factors. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 28(3): 69-75. 1996.

4. Brown, TD, and Vescovi, JD. Maximum speed: Misconceptions of sprinting. Strength and Conditioning Journal 34(2); 37-41. 2012.

5. Carlson, C. The natural history and management of hamstring injuries. Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine 1(2): 120-123, 2008.

6. Chumanov, ES, Heiderscheit, BC, and Thelen, DG. The effect of speed and influence of individual muscles on hamstring mechanics during the swing phase of sprinting. Journal of Biomechanics 40(16): 3555-3562, 2007.

7. Chumanov, ES, Heiderscheit, BC, and Thelen, DG. Hamstring musculotendon dynamics during stance and swing phases of high-speed running. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 43(3): 525–532, 2011.

8. Gillham, P. Acute hamstring injury rehab – Get eccentric!: 2018, July 13. Retrieved from https://www.sportsinjurybulletin.com/ acute-hamstring-injury-rehab-get-eccentric/

9. Guex, K, Gojanovic, B, and Millet, GP. Influence of hip-flexion angle on hamstrings isokinetic activity in sprinters. Journal of Athletic Training 47(4): 390-395, 2012.

10. Guggenheimer, JD, Dickin, DC, Reyes, GF, and Dolny, DG. The effects of specific preconditioning activities on acute sprint performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 23(4): 1135-1139, 2009.

11. Hamill, J, Knutzen, KM, and Derrick, TR. Biomechanical basis of human movement (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015.

12. Kerkhoffs, GM, Es, NV, Wieldraaijer, T, Sierevelt, IN, Ekstrand, J, and Dijk, CN. Diagnosis and prognosis of acute hamstring injuries in athletes. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 21(2): 500-509, 2013.

13. Koral, J, Oranchuk, DJ, Herrera, R, and Millet, GY. Six sessions of sprint interval training improves running performance in trained athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 32 (3): 617-623, 2018.

14. Mann, R, and Herman, J. Kinematic analysis of Olympic sprint performance: Men's 200 meters. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics 1: 151-162, 1985.

15. Mann, R. The biomechanical analysis of sprinters. Track Technique, 3000-3003, 1986.

16. Mann, R, and Murphy, A. The mechanics of sprinting and hurdling. Las Vegas, NV: CompuSport; 2018.

17. Mendiguchia, J, Edouard, P, Samozino, P, Brughelli, M, Cross, M, Ross, A, et al. Field monitoring of sprinting power–force–velocity profile before, during and after hamstring injury: Two case reports. Journal of Sports Sciences 34(6): 535-541, 2015.

18. Thelen, DG, Chumanov, ES, Sherry, MA, and Heiderscheit, BC. Neuromusculoskeletal models provide insights into the mechanisms and rehabilitation of hamstring strains. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews 34(3): 135-141, 2006.

19. Whelan, N, Kenny, IC, and Harrison, AJ. An insight into track and field coaches’ knowledge and use of sprinting drills to improve performance. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching 11(2): 182-190, 2016.

20. Young, M, and Choice, C. Maximal velocity sprint mechanics. Coaches Choice: 425-426, 2007.

21. Yu, B, Liu, H, and Garrett, WE. Mechanism of hamstring muscle strain injury in sprinting. Journal of Sport and Health Science 6(2): 130-132, 2017.

About the author

Ralph O. Mann

Contact Ralph Mann

Contact Ralph Mann

Your first name is required.
Your last name is required.
Your email is required.
Your message is required.
Your reCaptcha is required.

Your email was successfully sent to Ralph Mann

Ralph Mann is the founder and President of CompuSport. He is a pioneer in conducting sports research, and using these results to produce computer-ba ...

View full biography
About the author

Bridget Ann Frugoli Melton, EdD, CSCS, TSAC-F

Contact Bridget Frugoli Melton

Contact Bridget Frugoli Melton

Your first name is required.
Your last name is required.
Your email is required.
Your message is required.
Your reCaptcha is required.

Your email was successfully sent to Bridget Frugoli Melton

Bridget Melton is a Professor of Exercise Science and Coaching Education at Georgia Southern University and is an adjunct faculty member at Concordi ...

View full biography
Available to:
Members only
Audience:
Coaches
#everyonestronger #everyonestronger

has been added to your shopping cart!

Continue Shopping Checkout Now