Understanding and Managing Stress in Collegiate Athletics

by Jonathan Lynch, MS, CSCS,*D
NSCA Coach June 2016
Vol 4, Issue 4

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It is important for strength and conditioning coaches, sport coaches, athletic trainers, and administrators to recognize and address the evidence of stress within student-athletes in order to avoid chronic stress-related anxiety and injury.

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This article originally appeared in NSCA Coach, a quarterly publication for NSCA Members that provides valuable takeaways for every level of strength and conditioning coach. You can find scientifically based articles specific to a wide variety of your athletes’ needs with Nutrition, Programming, and Youth columns. Read more articles from NSCA Coach Â»

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References 

1. Bagwell, J, Fukuda, TY, and Powers, CM. Sagittal plane pelvis motion influences transverse plane motion of the femur: Kinematic coupling at the hip joint. Gait and Posture 43: 120-124, 2016.

2. Bartholomew, JB, Stults-Kolehmainen, MA, Elrod, CC, and Todd, JS. Strength gains after resistance training: The effect of stressful, negative life events. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research22(4): 1215-1221, 2008.

3. Haff, GG, and Triplett, TN. Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning (4th ed.) Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 161, 2016.

4. Hruska, R. Myokinematic Restoration: An Integrated Approach to Treatment of Patterned Lumbo-Pelvic-Femoral Pathomechanics. Postural Restoration Institute; 2017.

5. Mann, JB, Bryant, KR, Johnstone, B, Ivey, PA, and Sayers, SP. Effect of physical and academic stress on illness and injury in Division 1 college football players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research30(1): 20-25, 2015.

6. Martinez, AC, Seco Calvo, J, Tur Mari, JA, Abecia Inchaurrequi, LC, Orella, EE, and Biescas, AP. Testosterone and cortisol changes in professional basketball players through a competitive season. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 24(4): 1102-1108, 2010.

7. McArdle, WD, Katch, FI, and Katch, VL. Exercise Physiology: Nutrition, Energy, and Human Performance (7th ed.) Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins; 328, 2009.

8. Selye, H. The general adaptation syndrome and the diseases of adaptation. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 6(2): 117-230, 1946.

9. Spielberger, CD. Understanding Stress and Anxiety (The Life Cycle Series). London, UK: Harper and Row; 1979.

10. Spielberger, CD, Gorsuch, RL, and Lushene, RE. Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press; 1970.

11. Stress. Merriam-Webster Dictionary Online. Retrieved 2017 from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/stress.

12. Stults-Kolehmainen, MA, Bartholomew, JB, and Sinha, R. Chronic psychological stress impairs recovery of muscular function and somatic sensations over a 96 hour period. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 28(7): 2007-2017, 2014.

13. The National Collegiate Athletic Association. NCAA Division 1 Manual: August 2016-17. Indianapolis, IN; 2016.

About the author

Jonathan W. Lynch I, MS, CSCS, RSCC

Strength & Conditioning Coach, University of Maine, Orono, ME, United States

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Jon Lynch is entering his third year at the University of Maine, where he serves as the Director of Sports Performance. Lynch is directly responsible ...

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