Concurrent Cognitive and Physical Fitness Training – Part Two

by Gary Stebbing, PGDip, CSCS
Personal Training Quarterly March 2024
Vol 10, Issue 4

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This article builds upon a previous article on the potential benefits personal trainers can offer clients by combining both cognitive and physical training.

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This article originally appeared in Personal Training Quarterly (PTQ)—a quarterly publication for NSCA Members designed specifically for the personal trainer. Discover easy-to-read, research-based articles that take your training knowledge further with Nutrition, Programming, and Personal Business Development columns in each quarterly, electronic issue. Read more articles from PTQ »

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  1. Pellegrini-Laplagne, M, Dupuy, O, Sonner, P, and Bosquet, L. Effect of simultaneous exercise and cognitive training on executive functions, baroflex sensitivity, and pre-frontal cortex oxygenation in health older adults: A pilot study. GeroScience 45: 119-140, 2023.
  2. Gobet, F, and Sala, G. Cognitive training: A field in search of a phenomenon. Perspectives on Psychological Science 18(1): 125-141, 2023.
  3. Herold, F, Torpel, A, Hamacher, D, Budde, H, and Gronwald, T. A discussion on different approaches for prescribing physical interventions—Four roads lead to Rome, but which one should we choose? Journal of Personalized Medicine 10: 55, 2020.
  4. Herold, F, Hamacher, D, Schlag, L, and Muller, NG. Thinking while moving or moving while thinking - Concepts of motorcognitive training for cognitive performance enhancement. Frontiers in Aging Neuro-Science 10: 228, 2018.
  5. Nahleen, S, Temby, P, Rattray, B, Lamapit, A and Connor, J. Effects of combined cognitive and physical training on cognition in young adults: A systematic review. Proceedings of the Defence in Human Sciences Symposium 2021.
  6. Scott, A, McDicken, K, Martin, K, Northey, J, Lampit, A, Flood, A, et al. Combined cognitive and physical training for improved cognitive and physical performance, preliminary findings from a randomised control trial with young healthy adults. European College of Sport Science 2023.
  7. Gavelin, HM, Dong, C, Minkov, R, Bahar-Fuchs, A, Ellis, KA, Lautenschlager, NT, et al. Combined physical and cognitive training for older adults with and without cognitive impairment: A systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Ageing Research Reviews 66, 2021.
  8. Forte, G, Favieri, F, and Casagrande, M. Heart rate variability and cognitive function: A systematic review. Frontiers In Neuroscience 13: 710, 2019.
  9. Aidman, E. Cognitive fitness framework: Towards assessing, training and augmenting individual-difference factors underpinning high performance cognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13: 466, 2020.
  10. Blacker, KJ, Hamilton, J, Roush, G, Pettijohn, KA, and Biggs, AT. Cognitive training for military application: A review of the literature and practical guide. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement 3: 30-51, 2019.
  11. Stanley, EA, and Jha, AP. Mind fitness and mental armour, enhancing performance and building warrior resilience. Joint Forces Quarterly 55, 2009.
  12. Herold, F, Muller, P, Gronwald, T, and Muller, NG. Dose response matters - A perspective on the exercise prescription in exercise cognition research. Frontiers in Psychology 10: 2338, 2019.
  13. Herzog, TP, and Deuster, PA. Performance psychology as a key component of human performance optimisation. Journal of Special Operations Medicine 14: 99-105, 2014.
  14. Herold, F, Gronwald, T, Scholkman, F, Zohdi, H, Wyser, D, Müller, N, et al. New directions in exercise prescription: Is there a role for brain-derived parameters obtained by functional nearinfrared spectroscopy? Brain Sciences 10(6): 342, 2020.
  15. Lauenroth, A, Ioannidis, AE, and Teichmann, B. Influence of combined physical and cognitive training on cognition: A systematic review. BMC Geriatrics 16: 141, 2016.
  16. Chuang, IC, Chen Chen, I, Su, KH, Wu, YR, and Wu, CY. The effects of high versus low frequency of combined physical and cognitive training on cognitive function in older adults with cognitive decline: A quasi-experimental study. BMC Geriatrics 23: 94, 2023.
  17. Stone, MH, Hornsby, WG, Haff, GG, Fry, AC, Suarez, DG, Liu, J, et al. Periodization and block periodization in sports: Emphasis on strength-power training—A provocative and challenging narrative. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 35(8): 2351-2371, 2021.
  18. Holliday, B, Burton, D, Sun, G, Hammermeister, J, Naylor, S, and Freigang, D. Building the better mental training mousetrap: Is periodisation a more systematic approach to promoting performance excellence? Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 20(2): 199-219, 2008.
  19. Aidman, E, Fogarty, GJ, Crampton, J, Bond, J, Taylor, P, Heathcote, A, et al. An app-enhanced cognitive fitness training program for athletes: The rationale and validation protocol. Frontiers in Psychology 13: 2022.
  20. Albertella, L, Kirkhan, R, Adler, AB, Crampton, J, Drummond, SPA, Fogarty, GJ, et al. Building a transdisciplinary expert consensus on the cognitive drivers of performance under pressure: An international multi-panel Delphi study. Frontiers in Psychology 13: 2023.
  21. Newport, C. Deep Work – Rules for Focused Success in a Distracted World. London, UK: Piatkus; 2016.
About the author

Gary S. Stebbing, CSCS,*D

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Gary Stebbing is based in the United Kingdom. His primary areas of interest are building excellence and human performance design. He studied Sport and ...

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