Employee or Independent Contractor? Guidelines for Classifying Workers

by Guillermo Escalante, DSC, MBA, ATC, CSCS and Manuel Escalante
Personal Training Quarterly November 2020
Vol 7, Issue 3


Some positions within the fitness industry can be tricky to classify. This article helps businesses decipher the difference between a hired employee and an independent contracted position.

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This article originally appeared in Personal Training Quarterly (PTQ)—a quarterly publication for NSCA Members designed specifically for the personal trainer. Discover easy-to-read, research-based articles that take your training knowledge further with Nutrition, Programming, and Personal Business Development columns in each quarterly, electronic issue. Read more articles from PTQ »



1. Internal Revenue Service. Independent contractor (self-employed) or employee? Retrieved May 2020 from https://www. irs.gov/businesses/small-businesses-self-employed/independentcontractor- self-employed-or-employee.

2. Kutz, GD. Additional actions are needed to make the worker misclassification initiative with the Department of Labor a success. Treasury.gov/tigta. 2018. Retrieved May 2020 from https://www. treasury.gov/tigta/iereports/2018reports/2018IER002fr.pdf.

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Guillermo Escalante, DSC, MBA, ATC, CSCS

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Guillermo Escalante is currently an Associate Professor of Kinesiology and Dean Fellow for the College of Natural Sciences at California State Univers ...

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