Implementation of an Educational Fitness Training Class for Future Law Enforcement Professionals

by Carrie Ellis, PT, DPT, OCS, CSCS
TSAC Report August 2023
Vol 69, Issue 3

Available to:
Members only
TSAC Facilitators

This article outlines a potential learning course intended for students in undergraduate criminal justice and homeland security majors to improve their physical health literacy and health-related behaviors.

Paywall block issue

This article is not configured properly for members or paid content.
isMemberOnly: {{isMemberOnly}} | isPaidContent: {{isPaidContent}}
spc: One or more parts of the product SPC is missing.

Read the full article

View the video

Login to view more

{{discountDesc}} Valid thru {{discountEnds}}

This {{ogType == 'video.other' ? 'video':'article'}} is available with a NSCA membership

This {{ogType == 'video.other' ? 'video':'article'}} can be purchased for {{prices}}
Price includes membership pricing and promotions

Purchase this {{ogType == 'video.other' ? 'video':'article'}}. Price range: {{prices}}
Price range includes membership pricing and promotions

Become a Member Add to Cart Login

This article originally appeared in TSAC Report, the NSCA’s quarterly, online-only publication geared toward the training of tactical athletes, operators, and facilitators. It provides research-based articles, performance drills, and conditioning techniques for operational, tactical athletes. The TSAC Report is only available for NSCA Members. Read more articles from TSAC Report 

Related Reading



  1. Ajzen, I. The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 50(2): 179-211, 1991.
  2. Arias, E. United States life tables. National Vital Statistics Reports 58(21): 1-6, 2010.
  3. Briley, ME, Montgomery, DH, and Blewett, J. Worksite nutrition education can lower total cholesterol levels and promote weight loss among police department employees. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 92(11): 1382-1385, 1992.
  4. Brown, WJ, Bauman, AE, Bull, F, and Burton, NW. Development of evidence-based physical activity recommendations for adults (18-64 years). Report prepared for the Australian Government Department of Health, August 2012.
  5. Hartley, TA, Burchfiel, CM, Fekedulegn, D, Andrew, ME, and Violanti, JM. Health disparities in police officers: Comparisons to the U.S. general population HHS public access. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health 13(4): 2011.
  6. Hibbert, JE, Klawiter, DP, Schubert, MM, Nessler, JA, and Asakawa, DS. Strength, cardiovascular fitness, and blood lipid measures in law enforcement personnel after a 12-week health promotion program. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 36(11): 3105-3112, 2022.
  7. Holloway-Beth, A, Forst, L, Freels, S, Brandt-Rauf, S, and Friedman, L. Occupational injury surveillance among law enforcement officers using workers’ compensation data, Illinois 1980 to 2008. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 58(6): 594-600, 2016.
  8. Lyons, K, Radburn, C, Orr, R, and Pope, R. A profile of injuries sustained by law enforcement officers: a critical review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14(2): 142, 2017.
  9. Maran, DA, Zedda, M, and Varetto, A. Physical practice and wellness courses reduce distress and improve wellbeing in police officers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(4): 578, 2018.
  10. Morrow, JR, Krzewinski-Malone, JA, Jackson, AW, Bungum, TJ, and Fitzgerald, SJ. American adults’ knowledge of exercise recommendations. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 75(3): 231-237, 2004.
  11. Nabeel, I, Baker, BA, McGrail, MP, and Flottemesch, TJ. Correlation between physical activity, fitness, and musculoskeletal injuries in police officers. Minnesota Medicine 90(9): 40-43, 2007.
  12. Ramey, SL, Downing, NR, and Franke, WD. Milwaukee police department retirees: Cardiovascular disease risk and morbidity among aging law enforcement officers. American Association of Occupational Health Nurses Journal 57(11): 448-453, 2009.
  13. Ramstrand, N, and Larsen, LB. Musculoskeletal injuries in the workplace: Perceptions of Swedish police. International Journal of Police Science and Management 14(4): 334-342, 2012.
  14. Rosenstock, IM, Strecher, VJ, and Becker, MH. Social learning theory and the health belief model. Health Education Quarterly 15(2): 175-183, 1988.
  15. Sawyer, S, Schram, B, Pope, R, and Orr, R. Profiling the injuries sustained by police trainees undergoing initial training: A retrospective cohort study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(14): 7335, 2021.
  16. Steinhardt, M, Greenhow, L, and Stewart, J. The relationship of physical activity and cardiovascular fitness to absenteeism and medical care claims among law enforcement officers. American Journal of Health Promotion 5(6): 455-460, 1991.
  17. Varvarigou, V, Farioli, A, Korre, M, Sato, S, Dahabreh, IJ, and Kales, SN. Law enforcement duties and sudden cardiac death among police officers in United States: Case distribution study. BMJ (Online): 349, 2014.
  18. Violanti, JM, Hartley, TA, Gu, JK, Fekedulegn, D, Andrew, ME, and Burchfiel, CM. Life expectancy in police officers: A comparison with the U.S. general population HHS public access. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health 15(4): 217, 2013.
  19. Zimmerman, FH. Cardiovascular disease and risk factors in law enforcement personnel: A comprehensive review. Cardiology in Review 20(4): 159-166, 2012.
About the author

Carrie Ellis

View full biography
Available to:
Members only
TSAC Facilitators
#NSCAStrong #NSCAStrong

has been added to your shopping cart!

Continue Shopping Checkout Now