Military Research—Recent Insights and Implications

by Brandon Stone, CSCS, RSCC
TSAC Report August 2015
Vol 43, Issue 1


Recent advances in research and human performance programs (HPP) has made it possible to learn more about the tactical athlete while creating enhanced methodologies and implementation. This review draws on the past three years of research focusing on strength and conditioning within military communities, exploring the current themes of research and the implications of future studies.

Paywall block issue

This article is not configured properly for members or paid content.
isMemberOnly: {{isMemberOnly}} | isPaidContent: {{isPaidContent}}
spc: One or more parts of the product SPC is missing.

Read the full article

View the video

Login to view more

{{discountDesc}} Valid thru {{discountEnds}}

This {{ogType == 'video.other' ? 'video':'article'}} is available with a NSCA membership

This {{ogType == 'video.other' ? 'video':'article'}} can be purchased for {{prices}}
Price includes membership pricing and promotions

Purchase this {{ogType == 'video.other' ? 'video':'article'}}. Price range: {{prices}}
Price range includes membership pricing and promotions

Become a Member Add to Cart Login

This article originally appeared in TSAC Report, the NSCA’s quarterly, online-only publication geared toward the training of tactical athletes, operators, and facilitators. It provides research-based articles, performance drills, and conditioning techniques for operational, tactical athletes. The TSAC Report is only available for NSCA Members. Read more articles from TSAC Report 



1. Birrell, SA, Hooper, RH, and Haslam, RA. The effect of military load carriage on ground reaction forces. Gait & Posture 26(4): 611614, 2007. 
2. Drain, JR, Sampson, JA, Billing, DC, Burley, SD, Linnane, DM, and Groeller, H. The effectiveness of basic military training to improve functional lifting strength in new recruits. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29(suppl 11): S173, 2015. 
3. Fallowfield, JL, Blacker, SD, Willems, ME, Davey, T, and Layden, J. Neuromuscular and cardiovascular responses of Royal Marine recruits to load carriage in the field. Applied Ergonomics 43(6): 1131-1137, 2012. 
4. Friedl, KE, Knapik, JJ, Häkkinen, K, Baumgartner, N, Groeller, H, Taylor, NA, et al. Perspectives on aerobic and strength influences on military physical readiness: Report of an International Military Physiology Roundtable. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29(suppl 11): 10, 2015. 
5. Gibala, MJ, Gagnon, PJ, and Nindl, BC. Military applicability of interval training for health and performance. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29(suppl 11): S40, 2015. 
6. Hazell, T, Macpherson, RE, Gravelle, BM, and Lemon, PW. 10 or 30-s sprint interval training bouts enhance both aerobic and anaerobic performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology 110(1): 153-160, 2010. 
7. Hendrickson, NR, Sharp, MA, Alemany, JA, Walker, LA, Harman, EA, Spiering, BA, et al. Combined resistance and endurance training improves physical capacity and performance on tactical occupational tasks. European Journal of Applied Physiology 109(6): 1197-1208, 2010. 
8. Knapik, J, Darakjy, S, Scott, SJ, Hauret, KG, Canada, S, Marin, R, et al. Evaluation of a standardized physical training program for basic combat training. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 19(2): 246-253, 2005. 
9. Knapik, J, Rieger, W, Palkoska, F, Van Camp, S, and Darakjy, S. United States Army Physical Readiness Training: Rationale and Evaluation of the Physical Training Doctrine. [Review]. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 23(4): 1353-1362, 2009.
10. Kraemer, WJ, and Szivak, TK. Strength training for the warfighter. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 26(suppl 2): 107, 2012. 
11. Nindl, BC, Castellani, JW, Warr, BJ, Sharp, MA, Henning, PC, Spiering, BA, and Scofield, DE. Physiological employment standards III: Physiological challenges and consequences encountered during international military deployments. European Journal of Applied Physiology 113(11): 2655-2672, 2013. 
12. Roy, TC, Ritland, BM, Knapik, JJ, and Sharp, MA. Lifting tasks are associated with injuries during the early portion of a deployment to Afghanistan. Military Medicine 177(6): 716-722, 2012. 
13. Santtila, M, Pihlainen, K, Viskari, J, and Kyrolainen, H. Optimal physical training during military basic training period. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29(suppl 11): S154, 2015. 
14. Scofield, DE and Kardouni, J. The tactical athlete: A product of 21st century strength and conditioning. Strength and Conditioning Journal 37(4): 2-7, 2015. 
15. Spiering, BA, Walker, LA, Hendrickson, NR, Simpson, K, Harman, EA, Allison, SC, and Sharp, MA. Reliability of military-relevant tests designed to assess soldier readiness for occupational and combat-related duties. Military Medicine 177(6): 663-668, 2012. 
16. Szivak, TK, and Kraemer, WJ. Physiological readiness and resilience: Pillars of military preparedness. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29(suppl 11): 34, 2015. 
17. Thomas, DQ, Lumpp, SA, Schreiber, JA, and Keith, JA. Abstract: Physical fitness profile of Army ROTC cadets. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 18(4): 904, 2004. 
18. Vaara, JP, Kokko, J, Isoranta, M, and Kyrolainen, H. Effects of added resistance training on physical fitness, body composition, and serum hormone concentrations during eight weeks of special military training period. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29(suppl 11): 168, 2015.

About the author

Brandon Stone, PhD

Contact Brandon Stone

Contact Brandon Stone

Your first name is required.
Your last name is required.
Your email is required.
Your message is required.
Your reCaptcha is required.

Your email was successfully sent to Brandon Stone

View full biography
#NSCAStrong #NSCAStrong

has been added to your shopping cart!

Continue Shopping Checkout Now