Strength and Conditioning Considerations for Triathletes

by Ryan Eckert, CSCS, NSCA-CPT, and Ronald L. Snarr, CSCS,*D, NSCA-CPT
Personal Training Quarterly November 2018

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Triathlons are unique compared to other sports as athletes are required to master three distinct disciplines: swimming, cycling, and running. This article lays out a training program that focuses on a balance between strength training and sport training to avoid overtraining and overuse injuries and to maximize performance in a multi-sport athlete.

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This article originally appeared in Personal Training Quarterly (PTQ)—a quarterly publication for NSCA Members designed specifically for the personal trainer. Discover easy-to-read, research-based articles that take your training knowledge further with Nutrition, Programming, and Personal Business Development columns in each quarterly, electronic issue. Read more articles from PTQ »

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References

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2. Bazyler, CD, Abbott, HA, Bellon, CR, Taber, CB, and Stone, MH. Strength training for endurance athletes: Theory to practice. Strength and Conditioning Journal 37(2): 1-12, 2015.

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5. Haff, GG and Triplett, NT (Eds). Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning. (4th ed.) Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2015.

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8. Ironman. Rookie lessons: Don’t topple in T1. Retrieved February 1, 2018 from http://www.ironman.com/triathlon-news/ articles/2013/06/rookie-lessons-mastering-the-swim-to-biketransition.aspx#axzz55t67nsh7.

9. Johnstone, J. Story of the First Triathlon. 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2018 from http://www.triathlonhistory.com/. 10. Kienstra, CM, Asken, TR, Garcia, JD, Lara, V and Best, TM. Triathlon injuries: Transitioning from prevalence to prediction and prevention. Current Sports Medicine Reports 16(6): 397-403, 2017.

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15. Silder, A, Gleason, K, and Thelen, DG. Influence of bicycle seat tube angle and hand position on lower extremity kinematics and neuromuscular control: Implications for triathlon running performance. Journal of Applied Biomechanics 27(4): 297-305, 2011.

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17. van Gent, BR, Siem, DD, van Middelkoop, M, van Os, TA, Bierma-Zeinstra SS, and Koes BB. Incidence and determinants of lower extremity running injuries in long distance runners: a systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine 41(8): 469-80, 2007.

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Ryan Eckert, CSCS, NSCA-CPT

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Ryan Eckert is currently working on his Master’s degree in Exercise and Wellness at Arizona State University. He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Exercise ...

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Photo of Ronald L. Snarr, PhD, CSCS,*D, NSCA-CPT
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Ronald L. Snarr, PhD, CSCS,*D, NSCA-CPT

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Ronald Snarr is an Assistant Professor of Exercise Science at Georgia Southern University. He holds a PhD in Exercise Physiology/Human Performance fro ...

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