by Merrick Lincoln, PT, DPT, CSCS, Kaitlyn Ill, and Matthew Ibrahim, MS
Personal Training Quarterly August 2023
Vol 10, Issue 2
Common resistance training exercises are loaded variations of generalizable multi-joint movements known as “movement patterns.” Proficiency in common movement patterns via resistance training may reduce injury risk, as poor technique is considered a risk factor for training injuries (10,12,21). Moreover, movement pattern proficiency allows for progressive overload via gradual addition of load or volume, which is key to the ongoing effectiveness of resistance training. Teaching fundamental resistance training movements to novice clients can be challenging. After pre-exercise screening and consideration of the client’s needs, the teaching process consists of selecting and instructing appropriate exercises, monitoring performance, and providing feedback. The process may be repeated for progressively more difficult exercise variations. The result is “learning,” or permanent improvement in movement pattern skill (1). This article provides the personal trainer sample exercise progressions for teaching resistance training movement patterns along with practical strategies for instruction and reinforcement of proper technique.
This article originally appeared in Personal Training Quarterly (PTQ)—a quarterly publication for NSCA Members designed specifically for the personal trainer. Discover easy-to-read, research-based articles that take your training knowledge further with Nutrition, Programming, and Personal Business Development columns in each quarterly, electronic issue. Read more articles from PTQ »