by Katherine Balfany, CSCS, Caitlyn Heredia, and Robert Lockie, PhD, TSAC-F
TSAC Report October 2019
Vol 53, Issue 9
This article originally appeared in TSAC Report, the NSCA’s quarterly, online-only publication geared toward the training of tactical athletes, operators, and facilitators. It provides research-based articles, performance drills, and conditioning techniques for operational, tactical athletes. The TSAC Report is only available for NSCA Members. Read more articles from TSAC Report
1. Anderson, GS, D Plecas, and T Segger. Police officer physical ability testing–Re-validating a selection criterion. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management 24(1): 8-31, 2001.
2. Blacker, SD, Carter, JM, Wilkinson, DM, Richmond, VL, Rayson, MP, and Peattie, M. Physiological responses of police officers during job simulations wearing chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear personal protective equipment. Ergonomics 56(1): 137-147, 2013.
3. Bock, C, and Orr, RM. Use of the functional movement screen in a tactical population: A review. Journal of Military and Veterans Health. 23(2): 33, 2015.
4. Bock, C, Stierli, M, Hinton, B, and Orr, R. The Functional Movement Screen as a predictor of police recruit occupational task performance. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 20(2): 310-315, 2016.
5. Bonneau, J, and Brown, J. Physical ability, fitness and police work. Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine 2(3): 157-164, 1995.
6. Butler, RJ, Plisky, PJ, Southers, C, Scoma, C, and Kiesel, KB. Biomechnical analysis of the different classifications of the functional movement screen deep squat test. Sports Biomechanics 9(4): 270-279, 2010.
7. Butler, RJ, Contreras, M, Burton, LC, Plisky, PJ, Goode, A, and Kiesel, K. Modifiable risk factors predict injuries in firefighters during training academies. Work 46(1): 11-17, 2013.
8. Byrne, JM, Bishop, NS, Caines, AM, Crane, KA, Feaver, AM, and Pearcey, GE. Effect of using a suspension training system on muscle activation during the performance of a front plank exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 28(11): 3049-3055, 2014.
9. Clifton, D, Grooms, D, and Onate. J. Overhead deep squat performance predicts functional movement screen score. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy 10(5): 622-627, 2015.
10. Cook, G, Burton, L, and Hoogenboom, B. Pre-participation screening: The use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function–Part 2. North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy 1(3): 132, 2006.
11. Cook, G, Burton, L, and Hoogenboom, B. Pre-participation screening: The use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function–part 1. North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy 1(2): 62, 2006.
12. Frost, DM, Beach, TA, Callaghan, JP, and McGill, SM. Using the Functional Movement Screen™ to evaluate the effectiveness of training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 26(6): 1620-1630, 2012.
13. Frost, DM, Beach, TA, Callaghan, JP, and McGill, SM. Exercisebased performance enhancement and injury prevention for firefighters: Contrasting the fitness- and movement-related adaptations to two training methodologies. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29(9): 2441-2459, 2015.
14. Goss, D, Christopher, G, Faulk, R, and Moore, J. Functional training program bridges rehabilitation and return to duty. Journal of Special Operations Medicine: A Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals 9(2): 29-48, 2009.
15. Gray, SE, and Collie, A. The nature and burden of occupational injury among first responder occupations: a retrospective cohort study in Australian workers. Injury 48(11): 2470-2477, 2017.
16. Ikeda, DM, and McGill, SM. Can altering motions, postures, and loads provide immediate low back pain relief: A study of 4 cases investigating spine load, posture, and stability. Spine 37(23): E1469-E1475, 2012.
17. Johnson, DC, Whitehead, NP, Pletcher, RE, Faherty, SM, Lovalekar, TM, Eagle, RS, and Keenan, AK. The relationship of core strength and activation and performance on three functional movement screens. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 32(4): 1166-1173, 2018.
18. Kibler, W, Press, J, and Sciascia, A. The role of core stability in athletic function. Sports Medicine 36(3): 189-198, 2006.
19. Lee, BC, and McGill, SM. Effect of long-term isometric training on core/torso stiffness. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29(6): 1515-1526, 2015.
20. Leetun, DT, Ireland, ML, Willson, JD, Ballantyne, BT, and Davis, IM. Core stability measures as risk factors for lower extremity injury in athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 36(6): 926-934, 2004.
21. Letafatkar, A, Hadadnezhad, M, Shojaedin, S, and Mohamadi, E. Relationship between functional movement screening score and history of injury. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy 9(1): 212014.
22. Liew, BX, S Morris, and K Netto. Joint power and kinematics coordination in load carriage running: implications for performance and injury. Gait and Posture. 47:74-79. 2016.
23. Lisman, P, O’Connor, FG, Deuster, PA, and Knapik, JJ. Functional movement screen and aerobic fitness predict injuries in military training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 45(4): 636-643, 2013.
24. Lockie, RG, Schultz, AB, Jordan, CA, Callaghan, SJ, Jeffriess, MD, Luczo, TM. Can selected functional movement screen assessments be used to identify movement deficiencies that could affect multidirectional speed and jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29(1): 195-205, 2015.
25. Mauntel, TC, Post, EG, Padua, DA, and Bell, DR. Sex differences during an overhead squat assessment. Journal of Applied Biomechanics 31: 244-249, 2015.
26. McGill, S. Core training: Evidence translating to better performance and injury prevention. Strength and Conditioning Journal 32(3): 33-46, 2010.
27. McGill, SM. The biomechanics of low back injury: Implications on current practice in industry and the clinic. Journal of Biomechanics 30(5): 465-475, 1997.
28. Mendrin, N, Lynn, SK, Griffith-Merritt, HK, and Noffal, GJ. Progressions of isometric core training. Strength and Conditioning Journal 38(4): 50-65, 2016.
29. Mokha, M, Sprague, PA, and Gatens, DR. Predicting musculoskeletal injury in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II athletes from asymmetries and individual-test versus composite functional movement screen scores. Journal of Athletic Training 51(4): 276-282, 2016.
30. Nindl, BC, Williams, TJ, Deuster, PA, Butler, NL, and Jones, BH. Strategies for optimizing military physical readiness and preventing musculoskeletal injuries in the 21st century. US Army Medical Department Journal: 5-24, 2013.
31. O’Connor, FG, Deuster, PA, Davis, J, Pappas, CG, and Knapik, JJ. Functional movement screening: Predicting injuries in officer candidates. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 43(12): 2224-2230, 2011.
32. Oliver, GD, and Adams-Blair, HR. Improving core strength to prevent injury. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. 81(7): 15-19, 2010.
33. Orr, R. The history of the soldier’s load. Australian Army Journal 7(2): 67, 2010.
34. Orr, RM, Pope, R, Stierli, M, and Hinton, B. A functional movement screen profile of an Australian state police force: A retrospective cohort study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 17(1): 296, 2016.
35. Padua, DA, DiStefano, LJ, Beutler, AI, De La Motte, SJ, DiStefano, MJ, and Marshall, SW. The landing error scoring system as a screening tool for an anterior cruciate ligament injury– prevention program in elite-youth soccer athletes. Journal of Athletic Training 50(6): 589-595, 2015.
36. Park, H, Branson, D, Kim, S, Warren, A, Jacobson, B, Petrova, A, Peksoz, S, and Kamenidis, P. Effect of armor and carrying load on body balance and leg muscle function. Gait and Posture 39(1): 430-435, 2014.
37. Peate, W, Bates, G, Lunda, K, Francis, S, and Bellamy, K. Core strength: A new model for injury prediction and prevention. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2(1): 3, 2007.
38. Post, EG, Olson, M, Trigsted, S, Hetzel, S, and Bell, DR. The reliability and discriminative ability of the overhead squat test for observational screening of medial knee displacement. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation: 1-4, 2017.
39. Sell, TC, Pederson, JJ, Abt, JP, Nagai, T, Deluzio, J, Wirt, MD, McCord, LJ, and Lephart, SM. The addition of body amor diminishes dynamic postural stability in military soldiers. Military Medicine 178(1): 76-81, 2013.